Ladakh is a region of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Karakoram mountain range in the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent (According to Hinduism Yaksha people born from 5th wife of Kashyapa Rishi). It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Jammu and Kashmir and its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet.
When to come?
Ladakh is open for tourists throughout the year, while the best period for the tour is between April and October . For adventure tours June to October is the suitable period. The festivals of Stok, Matho and New Year take place in winter and it is possible to visit monasteries in winters. There are few hotels and guest houses with heating facilities in Leh that provide accommodation in winter.
Ladakh is spread over an area of 97,000 Sq. Kms and lies on an average of 3500 meters above the sea level. Ladakh has a population of around 1,70,000.
Temperature in summer (June to September) can touch 35 c and minus 30 c in late December and January. Annual rainfall is 6’’
The Indian Standard time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of London, 4 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Paris and about 10 hours and 30 minutes behind the New York City.
What to bring?
The temperature in mid summer is pleasant requiring T-shirt and shorts in the daytime but in evening temperature drips and you need jacket or pullover. For Winters heavy woollens are required .
Avoid Acute Mountain Sickness:
Acute mountain sickness can occur to any one at an altitude above 10,000 ft. above sea level, therefore, make it sure to take complete rest on the day of arrival. We also recommend that you speak to your Doctor once before you travel to Ladakh , just to ensure that you are aware of all precautions to be taken .
Telephone & Fax facilities are available in Leh, Padum, Kargil and Nubra Valley. Internet and e-mail services are available in the Leh town.
Hiring Taxi from outside Leh:
Hired taxis from outside Ladakh are not allowed to be used for local sightseeing and jeep-safari. You can book the non-local taxis only to drop you at Leh or for your return trip while leaving Ladakh. You have to hire local taxis for local sightseeing and jeep safaris. However, there is no restriction for those traveling in their own private cars.
Transport And Access
How to Reach
The Indian airlines, Jet airways and Kingfisher & Go Air operate regularly between New Delhi to Leh. Flights also operate to Jammu & Srinagar.
The Srinagar Leh road remains open from early June to November. And the Manali-Leh road remains open from early June to mid–October.
Visa and Permit:
Tourist can reach Leh with normal Indian tourist visa and does not require any special visa or permit. However, the foreign tourists are required to register themselves at Drass, Rumtse and Sarchu if they are travelling by road. Those travelling by air get themselves registered at the airport. The tourist, both foreign and domestic are required to get permit for restricted areas like Tsomoriri, Tsokar,Pangong Lakes, Dhahanu and Nubra Valley, Which can obtained through registered travel agencies.
Currency, Money Exchange & credit Card:
The local currency is Indian Rupees. There are authorized agencies for money exchange for USD or Euro traveler cheque and cash. Credit Cards are accepted by major Travel Agents, hotels and antique shops on paying a nominal service charge.